Author Archive: ARFA FALAK

Cement Mortar | Estimation of Cement, Sand & Water in Mortar | Types of Mortar & Applications

Cement mortar used for laying of bricks (Source YouTube-Слава Храмцов)

Cement Mortar Cement Mortar is one of the most common and cheapest binding materials used in construction industry. Cement mortar is basically a mixture of cement, sand & water. It is used in various aspects of civil engineering works such…
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Billing of Quantities (BOQ) | Types | Example BOQ | Advantages and Limitations

An example for Billing of Quantities (Source Youtube channel Civil Engineer)

What is Bill of Quantities (BOQ) Bill of Quantities also referred to as BOQ, is a document formulated in the construction industry to specify materials, labors, and their cost. It serves as a communication tool between client, consultant & the…
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Total Station |Components | Functions | Advantages of Total Station Survey

Total Station Models from Various Total Station Manufacturers

Total Station is an equipment used in surveying, designed for measuring horizontal and vertical angles, inclusive of measuring sloping distance of object to the instrument. It is a combination of electronic theodolite and electromagnetic distance measuring (EDM) instrument. It also…
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