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Ground Anchor (Earth Anchor) | Types | Anchor Length

Earth Anchors after installation - aarsleff

Ground Anchor A Ground Anchor, also known as Earth Anchor, is a structural member which transmits an applied tensile force to capable ground. The tensile force is resisted by shear strength of the surrounding ground. An earth anchor may comprise…
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Impact Factor | Dynamic Allowance in Design | Causes | Characteristics | Bridge Loads

Impact Factor is considered for Vibration induced by Truck on Bridge

Impact Factor Vehicular Live loads are multiplied with an Impact Factor to accommodate this dynamic effect in the design of bridges. The dynamic loads for moving vehicles are considered Impact in bridge engineering because of the relatively short duration. The…
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HL-93 AASHTO Vehicular Live Loading | Truck | Tandem | Design Lane Load

HL-93 Design Truck AASHTO

HL-93 is a type of theoretical vehicular loading proposed by AASHTO in 1993. It is used as the design loading for highway structures in USA and other countries where AASHTO code is followed. AASHTO HL-93 vehicular live load is a…
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Concrete Formwork (Shuttering) Releasing Agents | Type | Functions

Removal of Hardened Concrete Block From Shuttering

Releasing agents are coatings applied on the formwork surface, prior to concreting, in-order to facilitate easy removal the form work or shuttering. If the appearance of the concrete surface is of significance, it is important that care is taken with…
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6 Crucial Design & Construction Requirements of Formwork (Shuttering)

Formwork The function of formwork (Shuttering) is to hold freshly placed and compacted concrete till it has gained sufficient strength to be self-supporting. It also serves the purpose to produce a concrete member of the required shape, size and the…
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Stress Control by Deflecting & Debonding Tendons in PSC Design

U Tub Composite Bridge Girder being Transported to site

Precast beams with straight, fully bonded tendons are very convenient for detailing and manufacture. However, one of the advantages of prestressing, namely using the dead toad of the unit to reduce transfer tensile stresses in the concrete, is lost in…
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