Cracks in Concrete | Types & Causes of Concrete Cracking

Flexural cracks on pavement slab due to lack of reinforcement or expansion of subgrage -

Cracks in concrete are quite common phenomena. But unforeseen cracking in concrete that are not anticipated in design stage, affects the durability and integrity of structure. This in-turn results in poor performance on the structure over its service life.

Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) | Simple Explanation | Significance

Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) Definition of Reinforced Cement Concrete    Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) is a composite building material consisting of structural concrete reinforced with a reinforcing material like steel. The most common reinforcement used is steel, due to its complimentary properties and it is called steel reinforced cement concrete or simply Reinforced Cement Concrete. … Read more

Cement Mortar | Estimation of Cement, Sand & Water in Mortar | Types of Mortar & Applications

Cement mortar used for laying of bricks (Source YouTube-Слава Храмцов)

Cement Mortar Cement Mortar is one of the most common and cheapest binding materials used in construction industry. Cement mortar is basically a mixture of cement, sand & water. It is used in various aspects of civil engineering works such as masonry, brickwork, plastering, flooring etc. There are two types, dry mortar and wet mortar. … Read more

Billing of Quantities (BOQ) | Types | Example BOQ | Advantages and Limitations

An example for Billing of Quantities (Source Youtube channel Civil Engineer)

What is Bill of Quantities (BOQ) Bill of Quantities also referred to as BOQ, is a document formulated in the construction industry to specify materials, labors, and their cost. It serves as a communication tool between client, consultant & the contractor. It is usually prepared by a cost consultant or a surveyor. Primarily there are two … Read more

Total Station |Components | Functions | Advantages of Total Station Survey

Total Station Models from Various Total Station Manufacturers

Total Station is an equipment used in surveying, designed for measuring horizontal and vertical angles, inclusive of measuring sloping distance of object to the instrument. It is a combination of electronic theodolite and electromagnetic distance measuring (EDM) instrument. It also consists of a micro-processor with a memory unit which deals with recordings, readings, and the … Read more

Solid Waste Management in India | Waste Management Methods

Disposal of Solid Waste (

Due to urbanization and industrialization in India, threats for environmental degradation has increased. Environmental degradation results in frequent floods, change in duration of summer and winter, melting of ice from glaciers, etc. Also there is an increase in pollution due to deforestation and increase in industrial activities. Developing and under developing countries are facing crucial … Read more

Deflection Walls, Wall Piers & Crash Walls | Design Criteria, Loads & Specifications

Deflection Wall cum Blade Pier

Deflection Walls or Crash walls Deflection Walls or Crash walls are huge wall shaped reinforced concrete structures provided for the protection of piers and abutments in the vicinity of railway tracks. The purpose of deflection wall is to prevent head-on collision or impact from derailed trains on the primary structural support elements. It is also … Read more

Opportunities for Civil Engineers in Banking Sector | Civil Engineering & Financial Sector

Civil Engineers in Banking Sector

You must have heard in your first year civil engineering class and countless times thereafter that opportunity for a civil engineer is limitless. Speaking of which, have you considered a career in banking and finance as a Civil Engineer? Yes, that’s right. If you think a civil engineer is somewhat misplaced in the banking sector, … Read more

Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) | Chemical composition | Applications | GGBS concrete | Properties & Uses

GGBS concrete (Global Resources-INDIA)

Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) The importance of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) lies in its greener way to become a substitute in concrete material. GGBS being a waste material, it needs proper method for disposal. So incorporating this waste material in concrete can reduce the depletion of conventional concrete components such as … Read more

Roller Compacted Concrete | Materials & Mix proportion | Properties | Advantages & Applications

Civil engineer and Banking

Roller Compacted Concrete – Definition The development of Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) was a major change in the construction practices of dams and other structures. Roller Compacted Concrete is defined as the concrete which is compacted by roller compaction technique. The concrete mixture used for construction should keep in an unhardened state to support the … Read more