Civil Engineering

6 Crucial Design & Construction Requirements of Formwork (Shuttering)

Formwork The function of formwork (Shuttering) is to hold freshly placed and compacted concrete till it has gained sufficient strength to be self-supporting. It also serves the purpose to produce a concrete member of the required shape, size and the…
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Stress Control by Deflecting & Debonding Tendons in PSC Design

U Tub Composite Bridge Girder being Transported to site

Precast beams with straight, fully bonded tendons are very convenient for detailing and manufacture. However, one of the advantages of prestressing, namely using the dead toad of the unit to reduce transfer tensile stresses in the concrete, is lost in…
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